• “Politicizing Memory: Evidence from Ukraine”, with Kristin M. Bakke, John O’Loughlin, and Gerard Toal, Problems of Post-Communism, 1–20, Replication files here.

  • “Perceptions of the past in the post-Soviet space” (2023), with Kristin M. Bakke, and John O’Loughlin, Post-Soviet Affairs, 39(4), 223-256 Replication files here.

  • “Legacies of wartime order: Punishment attacks and social control in Northern Ireland” (2021), with Kristin M. Bakke, Security Studies, 30(4), 603-636 Replication files here.

  • “Ways forward: A research agenda on conflict delegation” (2021), with Alexandra Chinchilla and Giuseppe Spatafora, part of a forum titled “Conflict Delegation in International Relations”, International Studies Review, 23(4), 2048-2078,

  • “A Symposium–debating ‘surrogate warfare' and the transformation of war” (2019) with Vladimir Rauta, Matthew Ayton, Alexandra Chinchilla, Andreas Krieg, and Jean-Marc Rickli, Defence Studies, 19(4), 410-430,

Working papers

  • “Polling during War: Challenges and lessons from Ukraine”, with Gerard Toal, Kristin M. Bakke, and John O’Loughlin, UNU-WIDER working paper available here. Currently under review.

  • “‘Ten pound touts’: post-conflict trust and the legacy of counterinsurgency in Northern Ireland”, with Kristin M. Bakke, UNU-WIDER working paper available here. Currently under review.

  • “Contentious rituals and inter-group relations: Parading in Northern Ireland”, with Giovanni Hollenweger, Sigrid Weber, and Kristin M Bakke. Currently under review.

  • “Historical Legacy, organization, and the rise of secular parties in France”, with Zeynep Bulutgil. Manuscript.

  • “Demand or coercion: Local support for non-state armed actors”, with Kristin M Bakke. Manuscript. Pre-analysis plan available here.

Book project

  • “The internationalisation of civil war: How external states shape rebel dynamics”, book manuscript.


  • “25 Years After the Good Friday Agreement: Persistent Violence and the Role of Digital Platforms in Northern Ireland Today”, The Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET), 11th April 2023.

  • “Four global problems that will be aggravated by the UK’s recent cuts to international aid”, with Patricia Justino, The Conversation, 28th March 2023.

  • “How Reliable Are Polls In Wartime Ukraine?”, with Gerard Toal, Kristin M. Bakke, and John O’Loughlin, PONARS Euraia, 15th February 2023.

  • “Putin’s plan to stop Ukraine turning to the west has failed – our survey shows support for Nato is at an all-time high”, with Kristin M. Bakke, Gerard Toal, and John O’Loughlin, The Conversation, 4th January 2023.

  • “What would be the economic consequences of a military stalemate in Ukraine?”, with Patricia Justino, WIDERAngle Blog, UNU-WIDER, October 2022.

  • “How will the Russian-Ukraine war be fought? External support and insurgency tactics”, WIDERAngle Blog, UNU-WIDER, March 2022.

  • Interviewed for PRIO’s Peace in a Pod podcast to discuss my work on Northern Ireland and recent developments in the region, 13th May 2021.

  • “Northern Ireland: how to understand the influence of paramilitary groups”, with Prof Kristin M. Bakke, The Conversation, 12th April 2021.

  • “With politicians who can’t be bothered to read peace agreements, it’s no wonder Brexit negotiations are such a mess”, with Prof Kristin M. Bakke, The Independent, 2nd February 2019.

  • “Why changing the Good Friday Agreement because of Brexit is such a dangerous idea”, with Prof Kristin M. Bakke, The Conversation, 28th January 2019.

  • Interviewed for “Police the public, or protect it? For a U.S. in crisis, Hard lessons from other countries”, Amanda Taub, The New York Times, 24th June 2020.


  • Northern Ireland: August 2018, Junly 2023

  • Ukraine and Georgia: May 2019

  • National Archives, France: June and November 2022

  • French departmental archives (Perpignan, Angers, Besançon): 2023


I published an article in the British Medical Journal’s Open Heart Journal with my good friend, Charlie Ferry.